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Content tagged with "edible"

Photo of American ginseng plant with ripe berries

American Ginseng

Panax quinquefolius
Wild and cultivated ginseng produce an annual crop in the United States and Canada valued in excess of $25 million, but overzealous collection is causing serious concern about the survival of American ginseng in the forest ecosystem.

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Photo of red American ginseng berry cluster

American Ginseng Berries

Unlimited harvests have made ginseng decline or disappear in many places. The ginseng trade is regulated internationally and under the Missouri Wildlife Code, with an official collecting season (usually Sept. 1 through Dec. 31, when fruits are on the plants). Diggers can help by squeezing the seeds from fruits into the hole left after the root is excavated.

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Photo of American ginseng in bloom

American Ginseng in Bloom

Small, insignificant greenish white flowers emerge in May-July on a stalk emerging from the base of the whorl of leaves.

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Photo of American ginseng plant on forest floor

American Ginseng in Forest

American ginseng grows in hardwood forests on shady, well-drained, north- and east-facing slopes in predominantly porous, humus-rich soils, and often in ravines.

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Photo of ginseng plant with hand for scale

American Ginseng Leaves

Leaves occur in a whorl at the top of the stem, and each leaf is palmately compound, with 3 to 5 leaflets.

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Photo of American ginseng plant with ripe berries

American Ginseng Plant with Ripe Berries

Long valued as a medicinal plant, ginseng is an annual crop in the United States and Canada valued in excess of $25 million, but overzealous collection is causing serious concern about the survival of American ginseng in the forest ecosystem.

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Invasive autumn olive in fruit

Autumn Olive

Elaeagnus umbellata
This shrub can be found all over the state, since it was planted widely with the best of intentions. Despite its “pros,” this species has proven to be very invasive. It threatens native ecosystems and should not be planted.

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image of black haw

Black Haw

Viburnum prunifolium
This small understory tree has beautiful fall color: deep lavender or maroon-purple, finally becoming deep rose-red, contrasting with clusters of blue-black berries, borne on red stalks, that happen to be quite tasty. No wonder it has been cultivated as an ornamental since 1727!

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Image of a black walnut leaf

Black Walnut

Juglans nigra
Easily Missouri’s most valuable tree, the black walnut provides the finest wood in the world, as well as delicious nuts. Both are in high demand and thus form an important part of Missouri’s economy.

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