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Content tagged with "vetch"

Crown Vetch

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Use this publication to learn how to identify and control Crown vetch.

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Photo of crown vetch, closeup of a flower cluster.

Crown Vetch

Securigera varia (formerly Coronilla varia)
When you drive through Missouri in the summer, you’re almost guaranteed to see the pink flower clusters of crown vetch, whose masses of green foliage coat the right-of-ways along highways. This weedy plant stabilizes the dirt after road construction but degrades our natural ecosystems.

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Photo of crown vetch plants with flowers

Crown Vetch

When you drive through Missouri in the summer, you’re almost guaranteed to see the pink flower clusters of crown vetch, whose masses of green foliage coat the right-of-ways along highways. This weedy plant stabilizes the dirt after road construction but degrades our natural ecosystems.

Read more

Photo of crown vetch showing flowers and leaves.

Crown Vetch

Crown vetch prefers open, sunny areas. It occurs along roadsides and other rights-of-way, in open fields, and on gravel bars along streams. It is found most easily when it is blooming, when its profuse pinkish blossoms are conspicuous.

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Photo of crown vetch, closeup of a flower cluster.

Crown Vetch (Flowers)

Crown vetch blooms May through August. Its flowers are pinkish to white and are in crown-shaped clusters. Each individual flower is shaped like a typical pea flower.

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Photo of ground plum flower cluster with some leaves.

Ground Plum (Flowers)

Ground plum’s short, spikelike clusters of flowers can be white, cream, yellow, pink, or violet. These flowers, whose structure is so obviously of the pea family, show that ground plum is not at all a true plum. Plums (like apples, peaches, and cherries) are in the rose family, and their blossoms have a very different structure. Confusing, fanciful mix-ups in common names are one reason botanists prefer to use scientific names.

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Photo of ground plum plant showing several of its round plumlike legume fruits.

Ground Plum (Fruits)

The fruits of ground plum are nearly ball-shaped, with a central ridge, and with a sharp, beaklike point; they are smooth and about ¾ inch wide. The round, two-parted, cherrylike fruits (which are technically legumes, like peas) are succulent and sweet when young and can be eaten raw or boiled. Because there is a potential for loco poisoning (neurological damage that is not reversible), eating large quantities is not advised.

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Photo of ground plum, top of plant, showing flowers and several leaves.

Ground Plum (Milk Vetch; Buffalo Pea)

Astragalus crassicarpus (formerly A. mexicanus)
Ground plum is a legume that bears plumlike, edible fruits. Its short, spikelike clusters of pea flowers can be white, cream, yellow, pink, or violet.

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Photo of ground plum, top of plant, showing flowers and several leaves.

Ground Plum (Milk Vetch; Buffalo Pea)

Ground plum is a legume with feather-compound leaves, spikelike clusters of pea flowers, and plumlike, edible fruits. It grows in prairies, fields, roadsides, glades, and openings of dry upland forests, particularly in counties along and south of the Missouri River.

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Photo of hairy vetch flower clusters and leaves

Hairy Vetch (Woolly Vetch; Winter Vetch)

Vicia villosa
Branching, spreading, and tangling, hairy vetch forms dense colonies along highways and other disturbed sites. This softly hairy ground-covering plant has one-sided clusters of purple pea flowers.

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