Tree Trunk Spider

Platycriptus undatus
Salticidae (jumping spiders) in the order Araneae (spiders)

Jumping spiders, as a group, are often furry, have exceptionally keen vision (two of the eight eyes face forward and appear goggle-like) and characteristically move in a jerky gait. Most are remarkable jumpers. Silk-spinning is limited to a single "tether" line for safety when exploring or when jumping great distances, and for making cocoons to hide in and for eggs.

Tree trunk spiders usually live on tree bark and are camouflaged with grays, tans and browns, with flecks of black, white and sometimes reddish patches, to blend in with their background. The color pattern is quite variable. Some individuals have a zebralike look while others appear more uniformly gray. There is usually an undulating pattern on the abdomen. The bodies are rather flattened.

The pedipalps (fingerlike appendages near the face) are fuzzy and usually white. The chelicerae (fangs, often hidden behind the pedipalps) are fuzzy with long white hairs on males, and are black, shiny and hairless on females.

Length (not including legs): to 5/8 inch (females); to 3/8 inch (males).
Habitat and conservation: 
These jumping spiders prefer vertical surfaces and are typically found on tree trunks (especially shagbark hickories), fence posts and building walls. In late autumn, they often are seen exploring walls inside houses. They seem most common, in our state, near hickory woodlands. These spiders overwinter by hiding under bark within small silken cocoons.
Foods include flies, aphids, moths and other spiders. Jumping spiders have excellent eyesight and are visual predators. The two large eyes facing the front afford good binocular or 3D vision, while the other six eyes are positioned over the head to provide 360-degree views. Once detected, prey is generally pounced upon, grabbed, bitten and consumed.
Distribution in Missouri: 
This species is found throughout the eastern United States. Older sources call it Metacyrba undata. The "undatus/undata" name refers to the bold, undulating pattern that usually appears on this spider's abdomen.
Life cycle: 
Jumping spiders have fascinating courtship dances, where the male waves his forelegs like semaphore and usually drums on the ground in rhythmic patterns. These motions and patterns work as a "code" to signal to females that they are not to be considered food! Eggs are laid in silken cocoons in small crevices throughout the summer. Eggs, young and adults all can overwinter in spun cocoons under tree bark and in other tight niches.
Human connections: 
This is a good spider to get to know, because it is about as cute as any spider could be. It's furry and brown like a teddy bear with goggles, it is generally curious about humans and it almost never bites, unless pinched. And like all spiders, it controls insect populations.
Ecosystem connections: 
Spiders are little predators that help to control populations of the insects they capture. Being small themselves, they easily fall prey to larger predators such as birds, reptiles and mammals. Many animals eat their eggs. In winter, many songbirds hunt for hibernating spiders.
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