White and Yellow Sweet Clovers
White sweet clover and yellow sweet clover are biennial herbs that are easy to identify while in flower. Flowers are crowded densely on the top 4 inches of an elongated stem, with younger flowers emerging nearest the tip. Each tiny flower is attached to the stem by a minute stalk. The small pea-like flowers are white or yellow and each produces one or two seeds during the plant’s second growing season. Bloom May through October. Leaves are alternate, compound, with 3 leaflets per leaf. Leaflets are finely toothed and longer than broad. Second-year plants may appear bushy. These aromatic (sweet or musky) plants are members of the bean or pea (legume) family, but they are “sweet clovers,” not true clovers.